Health Complications of Obesity

Dr. Cecilia Gaffaney works as a maternal and fetal medicine specialist in Texas. Cecilia Gaffaney remains interested in a number of topics related to medicine, including fitness and nutrition. Proper nutrition is important in the prevention of obesity.

Obesity, defined as having excessive body fat, is more than just an issue of aesthetics. People with obesity are far more likely to experience an array of health problems. These issues may include:

  1. Non-optimal blood lipid profiles: High cholesterol and triglycerides are associated with blood vessel diseases such as clogged arteries and stroke.
  2. Sleep problems: Sleep apnea is a serious sleep disorder in which a person stops breathing repeatedly throughout the night. The National Sleep Foundation states obesity raises the risk of developing sleep apnea.
  3. Cardiovascular problems: The American Heart Association lists obesity as a significant risk factor in developing cardiovascular problems including heart disease.
  4. Cancer: The National Cancer Institute states obesity increases the risk of developing certain cancers, including esophageal, pancreatic, colon, breast, and thyroid cancers.
  5. Type 2 diabetes: A number of researchers, including those at Harvard University, have found a powerful connection between obesity and type 2 diabetes.
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